“The soul who sins shall die. The son shall not bear the guilt of the father, nor the father bear the guilt of the son. The righteousness of the righteous shall be upon himself, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon himself.”
Ezekiel replied to the complaints of the people who felt God was unfair. He explained that each person must bear his or her own guilt, and that the children are not responsible for the sins of the parents. He also explained that we can repent of past sins, but that past good deeds do not allow us to turn to sin.
Many are surprised to see that a “soul” will die, since the common teaching of Christian churches is that the soul is immortal. But that teaching does not come from the Bible.
For more about this, see “Do Humans Have an Immortal Soul?”